While we are in the middle of the endgame strategy to end polio, wild polio virus cases are still occurring in the border area between Afghanistan and Pakistan. We pass along weekly updates from the Global Polio Eradication Initiative on this site, click Read more... below.
Polio this week as of 15 May 2018
 
 
 
HeadlinesNew on www.polioeradication.org:  Professor David Heymann, of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, discusses what lessons smallpox eradication teaches us, and why it is critical to complete the job of polio eradication.
   The 17th International Health Regulations Emergency Committee regarding the international spread of poliovirus recommended that the temporary recommendations to prevent virus spread be extended for a further period of three months.
Summary of newly-reported viruses this week: Afghanistan: One new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1)  positive environmental sample has been reported, in Kandahar province. Pakistan: One new WPV1  positive environmental sample has been reported, in Sindh.
 
Afghanistan:   No new cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) have been confirmed this week.
   The total number of officially reported WPV1 cases in Afghanistan in 2018 is seven.
   The most recent case (by date of onset) occurred in Ghaziabad district, Kunar province, with onset of paralysis on 3 March.
   One new WPV1 positive environmental sample has been reported this week, collected in Khandak district, Kandahar province, on 5 April.
   During the May immunization campaign, vaccinators worked to reach over 9.6 million children with bivalent oral polio vaccine.
 
Pakistan:  No new cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) have been confirmed this week.
   The total number of officially reported WPV1 cases in Pakistan in 2018 is one.
   The most recent case  (by date of onset) occurred in Dukki district, Balochistan province, with onset of paralysis on 8 March.
   One new WPV1 positive environmental sample has been reported this week, collected in Khalinidi district, Karachi province, on 20 April.
   During the May immunization campaign, vaccinators worked to reach over 20 million children with bivalent oral polio vaccine.

Nigeria:   No new cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) were reported in the past week.
   The total number of WPV1 cases for 2016 is four and no cases have been reported in 2017 or 2018.
   The most recent case (by date of onset) was reported in Monguno Local Government Area, Borno, with onset on 21 August 2016.
   Following notification of initial cVDPV2 isolates from January and February, the programme conducted enhanced vaccination activities using IPV in 13 high-risk wards (target population approximately 55 000 children).
   Since confirmation of cVDPV2 in Nigeria, the country has conducted additional acute flaccid paralysis surveillance strengthening activities including enhanced active surveillance visits, and community sampling. The programme has also carried out extensive search for type 2 containing vaccines (tOPV/mOPV2) in the areas surrounding where the virus was detected.
   The GPEI is working with Regional and country counterparts and partners to supporting the local public health authorities to conduct a field investigation and thorough risk assessment, and to discuss needs for immunization response.